Electric vehicles (EVs) are becoming more popular as we progress towards a cleaner future. However, one of the most serious issues with EVs is where and how they may be charged. In this article, we’ll go over everything you need to know about electric vehicle charging.
Electric Vehicle Charging Stations
As more people switch to electric vehicles, EV charging facilities are becoming more common. These stations function similarly to typical petrol stations, except that instead of filling up your car with petrol, you connect it into an EV charging station to recharge your battery. Many firms, such as Tesla, have exclusive charging stations, whilst others, such as ChargePoint and EVgo, have networks of charging stations compatible with numerous EV models.
Charging stations are classified into three types: Level 1, Level 2, and DC Fast Charging.
Level One Charging
Level 1 charging is the slowest, but it is also the most generally available. Level 1 charging takes a conventional 120-volt outlet, which is the same one you use for appliances in your house. You should expect to recharge your battery at a rate of around 4 miles of driving range every hour of charging when using this type of charger.
Level Two Charging
Level 2 charging is faster than Level 1, but it requires a stronger outlet. A Level 2 charging station can be used at home, but you must install a 240-volt outlet. Level 2 charging necessitates the use of a specialised cable capable of handling the extra power.
You may anticipate to recharge your battery at a rate of roughly 25 miles of driving range every hour of charging when using a Level 2 charging station. Level 2 charging stations can also be found in public places such as shopping malls and parking garages.
DC Quick Charging
DC Fast Charging is the quickest charging method available. This form of charger necessitates the use of a specialised station, which can be found in public areas along major routes. You may anticipate to replenish your battery at a rate of about 100 miles of driving range in just 30 minutes of charging using DC Fast Charging.
EV Charging Suggestions
There are a few suggestions you may follow when charging your EV to get the most out of your charging session:
Plan ahead of time: Before you hit the road, map out your route and identify the nearest charging outlets. There are numerous apps that can assist you in locating charging stations along your trip.
Charge to 80%: Because charging to 100% can take longer, it’s best to charge to 80% first and then arrange your journey around the location of the next charging station.
Charge during off-peak hours: Charging during off-peak hours can help you save money on your energy bill. Electricity companies in some areas may even provide discounted prices to EV users who charge their vehicles during off-peak hours.
Temperature should be considered: Extreme temperatures can have an impact on the performance of your battery. During hot weather, park your automobile in a sheltered spot and avoid exposing it to excessive cold.
Costs of EV Charging
The cost of charging your EV varies based on the charging station and where you live. In general, Level 1 charging is the most cost-effective choice because it is as simple as plugging your car into a conventional 120-volt outlet at home. Charging at a Level 2 charging station may be more expensive depending on your power tariff, but it will replenish your battery more quickly. The most expensive option is DC Fast Charging, but it is also the fastest.
Home EV Charging
The most convenient option is to charge your EV at home, especially if you have a Level 2 charging station installed. If you intend to charge your automobile at home, a 240-volt outlet must be installed. You can pay an electrician to install the outlet for you, but keep in mind that this can be costly. Some electric companies, however, may provide refunds or incentives to assist offset the cost of installation.
EV Charging Protocols
As more people switch to electric vehicles, it’s critical to practise proper charging etiquette to guarantee that everyone has access to charging stations. Here are a few pointers to remember:
When your battery is fully charged, move your car so that someone else can use the charging station.
Don’t unhook someone else’s car: If there are no accessible chargers at a charging station, don’t unplug someone else’s car to charge your own.
Do not park in a charging spot without first charging your car: Parking in a charging spot without first charging your car is disrespectful to other EV owners who need to charge their batteries.
Conclusion on EV Charging
EV charging may be scary at first, but with a little practise, it becomes second nature. There are numerous handy and economical solutions for charging your EV, whether at home or on the move.