When shopping for a trailer axle, it’s important to keep a few factors in mind. The axles of a trailer bear the brunt of the trailer’s and its cargo’s weight, hence they’re an important structural component. Getting the correct trailer axle is essential for the vehicle’s security and dependability. This article will discuss what to look for in a trailer axle and how to go about purchasing one.
When looking for a trailer axle, the maximum load capacity should be your first priority. The axle’s load capacity is the heaviest load it can sustain without breaking. To figure out what kind of trailer capacity you need, you’ll need to know how much your trailer and its contents weigh. If your trailer and its cargo are heavy, you need an axle that can handle the extra weight.
The size and strength of a trailer axle establish its load bearing capability. Different sizes and materials, such steel and aluminium, are used to create axles. The axle’s size is directly correlated to its load capability. You’ll need to strike a balance between weight capacity, size, and cost, as bigger axles can be both heavier and more expensive.
The Axle’s Type
Torsion axles and leaf spring axles are the two most common types of trailer axles. While leaf spring axles employ metal springs to give support and cushioning, torsion axles use a rubber torsion system to absorb the shocks and vibrations of the road. There are good and bad aspects to each axle design.
Although torsion axles are more costly than leaf spring axles, they offer a more comfortable ride. They are also easier to maintain and last longer without breaking down. But they don’t last as long and are trickier to fix if they do fail than axles with leaf springs.
Compared to torsion axles, leaf spring axles last longer and cost less. If they do break down, they’re also simpler to fix. However, they are less reliable than torsion axles and require more upkeep.
The Axle Count
The total weight of your trailer’s cargo will determine how many axles you require. More axles are often needed to appropriately distribute the weight of a trailer with a greater payload capacity. For relatively low weights, a single axle trailer is fine, but for greater loads, a twin axle trailer is preferable.
Talk to a trailer professional or check the manufacturer’s recommendations if you’re not sure how many axles your trailer needs. The stability and security of your caravan on the road depend on your decision of the optimal number of axles.
When shopping for a trailer axle, it’s also important to think about the distance between the axles. The trailer’s stability and weight distribution are both impacted by the distance between the axles. Too much room between them will cause the trailer to rock from side to side, making it difficult to steer. When the trailer’s weight is concentrated in one region, as it might be if the spacing is inadequate, the trailer can easily topple.
The trailer’s load weight will determine the optimal distance between the axles. Depending on the length of the trailer, the distance between the wheels should be between 40 and 60 percent. A trailer specialist or the manufacturer’s specifications can help you determine the best distances between your vehicle and the trailer.
Classification of Brakes
Both electric and hydraulic braking systems are available for trailer axles. The towing vehicle sends an electronic signal to engage the electric brakes, while the braking system applies hydraulic pressure to activate the hydraulic brakes.
When compared to hydraulic brakes, electric brakes are simpler to install and offer significant cost savings. They are not as effective as hydraulic brakes, and they may not work as well in sloppy situations.
When it comes to stopping power and dependability in sloppy circumstances, hydraulic brakes much outperform their electronic counterparts. However, they cost more and need more upkeep than electronic brakes.
Ask a caravan professional for advice, or check the trailer’s manual, if you’re not sure which brake to buy.
The cost of the trailer’s axle must also be factored in. Axles for trailers can be purchased for as little as a few hundred dollars or as much as several thousand. The weight limit, axle design, number of axles, wheel base, and braking system all have a role in determining the final cost.
Finding a happy medium between cost and quality is crucial. It’s tempting to go with the least expensive alternative, but you shouldn’t put your safety and dependability at risk. Getting a high-quality trailer axle that will last for many years is a wise investment.
Investing in a new trailer axle is a big deal, so you want to be sure you get the correct one for your needs. When deciding, think about the price, the number of axles, the kind of brakes, the axle spacing, and the weight capability. Talk to someone knowledgeable about trailers or check the manufacturer’s recommendations if you’re having trouble deciding on an axle. The correct trailer axle will keep your trailer stable and secure so you may take it wherever your travels take you.